Stephen King

King in 2007 Stephen Edwin King (born September 21, 1947) is an American author. Called the "King of Horror", he has also explored other genres, among them suspense, crime, science-fiction, fantasy and mystery. He has also written approximately 200 short stories, most of which have been published in collections. His debut, ''Carrie'' (1974), established him in horror. ''Different Seasons'' (1982), a collection of four novellas, was his first major departure from the genre. Among the films adapted from King's fiction are ''Carrie'', ''Christine'', ''The Shining'', ''The Dead Zone'', ''Stand by Me'', ''Misery'', ''Dolores Claiborne'', ''The Shawshank Redemption'', ''The Green Mile'' and ''It''. He has published under the pseudonym Richard Bachman and has co-written works with other authors, notably his friend Peter Straub and sons Joe Hill and Owen King. He has also written nonfiction, notably ''On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft''.

Several of King's works have won the Bram Stoker and August Derleth Awards. He has also won awards for his overall contributions to literature, including the 2003 Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters, the 2007 Grand Master Award from the Mystery Writers of America and the 2014 National Medal of Arts. Joyce Carol Oates called King "a brilliantly rooted, psychologically 'realistic' writer, for whom the American scene has been a continuous source of inspiration, and American popular culture a vast cornucopia of possibilities." Provided by Wikipedia
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